Despite some uncertainty regarding the fox kestrel’s ability to hover, this species appears to use its well developed broad wings and tail to occasionally hover above the ground whilst foraging (2) (5). The fox kestrel will also alight upon an exposed perch, such as a dead tree, using its acute eyesight to spot prey across open grassland or savanna. Small mammals, lizards and amphibians are all caught in its large talons on the ground, while large insects may be caught acrobatically on the wing (2) (8). The fox kestrel will also forage near grass fires, searching for escaping animals that make easy targets (2).
The breeding season varies between localities, but egg laying peaks between March and May. Nests are constructed on rock ledges and in cavities, often close to other nests in loose colonies of 20 to 25 pairs. Two to three eggs are laid and incubated by the female (2).