Altamira yellowthroat -- 墨西哥黄喉地莺 (Geothlypis flavovelata)

Altamira yellowthroat male singing
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Altamira yellowthroat fact file

Altamira yellowthroat description

GenusGeothlypis (1)

A beautiful bird found only in Mexico, the Altamira yellowthroat (Geothlypis flavovelata) is most noticeable for its distinctive yellow plumage (2).

The upperparts and wings of the Altamira yellowthroat are yellow-olive green, while the crown and underparts are bright yellow. The male Altamira yellowthroat has a prominent black ‘mask’ covering the face, while the female lacks a mask, instead having a yellow face with olive ear coverts. Both the male and female have a black bill and pink legs (2)

The Altamira yellowthroat is similar in appearance to the common yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas). However, the common yellowthroat is larger, and its black face mask has a grey border (2) (3).

Length: 12 cm (2)

Altamira yellowthroat biology

There is little information available on the biology of the Altamira yellowthroat. However, it is likely to be similar to the closely related common yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas) (3), which builds its nests in thick reeds or other vegetation, close to water (5). A female Altamira yellowthroat in breeding condition has been found in May (4).

Virtually nothing has been recorded of the Altamira yellowthroat’s feeding habits (4), but, like the common yellowthroat, it probably feeds on insects (5)


Altamira yellowthroat range

The Altamira yellowthroat occurs in north-east Mexico, in the states of San Luis Potosí and Veracruz (2).


Altamira yellowthroat habitat

The Altamira yellowthroat inhabits inland freshwater marshes, ponds and irrigation ditches, typically containing cattail reeds (Typha species) (2).


Altamira yellowthroat status

The Altamira yellowthroat is classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List (1).

IUCN Red List species status – Vulnerable


Altamira yellowthroat threats

The loss of habitat is the greatest threat to the Altamira yellowthroat’s existence. Many freshwater lakes and marshes in north-east Mexico have been drained to create land suitable for cattle and for industrial development (2).


Altamira yellowthroat conservation

There are no known conservation measures currently in place for the Altamira yellowthroat.

Proposed conservation measures include implementing a study of the remaining areas of freshwater marshland within the Altamira yellowthroat’s range. Subsequently, areas which are known to contain the Altamira yellowthroat should be protected. Discouraging the draining of marshes on private land, to prevent further habitat loss, is another measure which will help this threatened species (2).


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This species information was authored as part of the Arkive and Universities Scheme.


Ear coverts
The circle of small feathers covering the ear opening of a bird.


  1. IUCN Red List (November, 2010)
  2. BirdLife International (November, 2010)
  3. Dunn, J. and Garrett, K. (1997) A Field Guide to Warblers of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.
  4. Curson, J., Quinn, D. and Beadle, D. (1994) New World Warblers. Christopher Helm Publishers, London.
  5. Latimer, J.P. and Nolting, K.S. (2000) Songbirds. Houghton Mifflin, Boston.

Image credit

Altamira yellowthroat male singing  
Altamira yellowthroat male singing

© Michael Retter

Michael Retter


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