Destruction of forest habitat is the primary threat affecting the survival of the red bird-of-paradise. On Batanta in particular, a lack of protected areas means that major habitat loss has occurred due to logging, while on Waigeo, selective logging and a cobalt-mining concession pose further threats to the remaining suitable habitat. Although the red bird-of-paradise is known to inhabit areas of the protected Pulau Waigeo Nature Reserve on the island of Waigeo, there are concerns that this has been vastly reduced in size in recent years (2) (5) (6).
In the past, the red bird-of-paradise was hunted for its skin (complete with the feathers), but the current extent of the practice and how it impacts on the population is uncertain (2) (4). It is likely that hunting for skins continues locally, and that some individuals are taken for the cage-bird trade (5).