In Australia, there are a selection of enforced laws which aim to minimise the negative impact that human activities are having on populations of the blackspot tuskfish and other species. These laws vary depending on the location and include a minimum legal length (MLL), with blackspot tuskfish only being retained if they measure over 30 or 40 centimetres. Catch limits of between four and eight fish per person per day are also in place. Other conservation efforts in Australian waters include the enforcement of no-take zones and localised spear-fishing bans (1).
In Asia, no official conservation actions are in place for this species, but in Okinawa, local fishermen are reported to have implemented a voluntary minimum weight restriction of one kilogram (1).
The coral triangle, which covers most of the blackspot tuskfish territory, is the subject of conservation efforts of many NGOs such as the WWF, Conservation International, and The Nature Conservancy. While many marine parks have been set up throughout this area, these are highly populated and the establishment of sustainable fishing practices has proven to be difficult to implement for a number of reasons. Logistical, socio-economic and cultural factors complicate the task of enforcing conservation actions in many areas and because of this, many of the coral triangles’ protected zones are recognised as such only on paper (1).