Adult Waved Carpet moths have pale whitish-grey coloured wings with wavy brown patterning (3). A darker dusky-brown form also occurs in Kent and Sussex (1). The caterpillar is purplish-brown in colour becoming greenish towards the sides (4).
A very local species in the UK, the Waved Carpet is found in five main locations: Devon, Cornwall and Dorset, the borders of Hampshire Sussex and Surrey, Kent and East Sussex, and Monmouthshire and Gloucestershire. It is also occasionally reported from Wales and Cumbria. It is believed to be in decline in many parts of its European range (2).
The Waved Carpet is a priority species under the UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UK BAP). The plan aims to enhance the size of all known populations by the year 2010. Coppice for Butterflies, an initiative of the Forestry Commission has focused on five areas where the Waved Carpet occurs. A number of the current populations occur within nature reserves and Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) (2).
Coppicing is a traditional form of woodland management in which trees are cut close to the base of the trunk. Re-growth occurs in the form of many thin poles. Coppiced woodlands are cut in this way on rotation, producing a mosaic of different stages of re-growth.
Stage in an insect's development when huge changes occur, which reorganise the larval form into the adult form. In butterflies the pupa is also called a chrysalis.
(also known as 'univoltine'). Insect life cycle that takes 12 months to be complete, and involves a single generation. The egg, larva, pupa or adult over winters as a dormant stage.
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