The gregarious golden spiny mouse often lives in groups (4) and is most active during the day. It reproduces continuously throughout the year, with minimal seasonal changes in breeding. The gestation period of the golden spiny mouse is relatively long compared to other mice, lasting five to six weeks, after which the female gives birth to between one and five offspring. The young are born well developed and are often able to see at birth or within a few days (6). The golden spiny mouse reaches sexual maturity at two to three months (4), and has an average lifespan of approximately three years, although some individuals may live for up to five years (6).
The golden spiny mouse is an omnivorous species, feeding mainly on plant material, such as grains and grasses (4), but also taking insects. It requires a fairly significant water intake due to its hot, arid habitat, and is adapted to obtain water from the sap of desert plants. Like other spiny mice, this mouse also has the ability to concentrate its urine, in order to conserve precious water (6).